Risky places: Airports as risky facilities, Prof. Mangai Natarajan
From Vania Ceccato
As Clarke and Eck (2007) stated facilities vary greatly in the crimes they experience, and risky facilities analysis can be helpful to focus on to crime prevention efforts. Based on a subsample of NYC federal courts (2007-2017) cases on drug trafficking, it was found that airports are at high risk for trafficking of illicit goods especially drug trafficking. Further it revealed that despite many security measures, airport management has leverage for drug transshipment in any origin, transit and destination points for drug trafficking. Also an analysis of UNODC’s Individual drug seizure data (2011-2016) reveals 11,774 drug seizures at the airports worldwide. Airports (whether international or domestic airports) are huge facilities that attract specifically many transnational crime operators in transporting “hot goods”. Transnational drug trafficking organizations choose various routes and modes to transport their illicit goods to evade detection and arrest and to make sure the goods reach faster and easier to demand countries/locations. The criminal networks have intricate connections with people at all transshipment points thus making airports and serving airlines are suitable targets in providing extensive crime opportunity structure for easy, rewarding and less risky for traffickers. This lecture will emphasize on the contextual factors including size, hot products, location, facilitators, design and management that make airports a risky facility warranting situational crime preventions measures.